Table of Contents

Clade X

Clade X: A Global Health Security Simulation was a pandemic planning exercise led by Johns Hopkins Center for Health Security, formally to counter a fast-moving and deadly epidemic released on purpose by a terrorist group consisting of scientists and their rich backers wanting to reduce overpopulation.

The exercise was co-hosted by PATH, the Global Health Council and the Nuclear Threat Initiative (NTI|bio), and took place May 15, 2018 at the Mandarin Oriental Hotel in Washington, DC.1)

The participants concluded that national and global health security should be “a higher priority for both the National Security Council and the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy, as well as for the agencies responsible for national security policy and diplomacy (eg, Department of Defense, Department of State and the intelligence community”.2) 3) The exercise has many similarities to the reaction to the 2020 COVID-19 pandemic.

Affiliations

The exercise was funded by Dustin Moskovitz's Open Philanthropy.4)

Participants

Name Role Affiliations Notes
Eric Toner Team lead Johns Hopkins Center for Health Security; Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health Also directed and designed Event 201
Tom Inglesby Team member BARDA; DARPA; Johns Hopkins Center for Health Security Atlantic Storm, Event 201, Dark Winter
Anita Cicero Team member Johns Hopkins Center for Health Security; Covid Commission Planning Group; Drinker, Biddle & Reath Event 201
Randy Larsen Team member United States Air Force; National War College; George Washington University Dark Winter; 9/11 Commission
Crystal Watson Team member Johns Hopkins Center for Health Security; Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health; US Department of Homeland Security5) -
Gigi Kwik Gronvall Team member Johns Hopkins Center for Health Security; Johns Hopkins University Center for Civilian Biodefense Strategies; Council on Foreign Relations; National Institutes of Health (NIH); US Army Medical Research Institute of Infectious Diseases (Fort Detrick)6) Actively involved in COVID-19 testing industry
Jennifer Nuzzo Team member Johns Hopkins Center for Health Security; Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health; Council on Foreign Relations; Brown University School of Public Health; Outbreak Observatory7) 8) Supported people breaking social distancing protocols for George Floyd protests
Monica Schoch-Spana Team member Johns Hopkins Center for Health Security; Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health; Working Group on Readying Populations for COVID-19 Vaccine; US Environmental Protection Agency; National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine (NASEM); University of Pittsburgh Medical Center; Johns Hopkins University Center for Civilian Biodefense Strategies9) -
Tara Kirk Sell Team member Johns Hopkins Center for Health Security; Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health; Centres for Disease Control and Prevention; World Health Organization; US Department of Homeland Security Co-developed Event 201
Amesh Adalja Team member Johns Hopkins Center for Health Security; Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health; Johns Hopkins Center for Global Health; Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA); American College of Emergency Physicians; Allegheny County Medical Reserve Corps; US Department of Health and Human Services; National Collegiate Athletic Association; International Monetary Fund; North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) -
1)
Clade X: A Global Health Security Pandemic Simulation Highlights Need to Support Global Health Security Initiatives. (2018, August 16). Global Health Council. https://archive.ph/ySSBr
2)
Watson, C., Toner, E. S., Shearer, M. P., Rivers, C., Meyer, D., Hurtado, C., Watson, M., Gronvall, G. K., Adalja, A. A., Sell, T. K., Inglesby, T., & Cicero, A. (2019). Clade X: A Pandemic Exercise. Health Security, 17(5), 410–417. https://doi.org/10.1089/hs.2019.0097
3)
About Clade X, a tabletop exercise. (2018, May 15). Johns Hopkins Center for Health Security. https://archive.ph/XVAT9
5)
Biography of Crystal Watson with the Center for Health Security. Johns Hopkins Center for Health Security. Retrieved April 12, 2022, from https://archive.ph/D20gz
6)
Biography of Gigi Kwik Gronvall with the Center for Health Security. Johns Hopkins Center for Health Security. Retrieved April 12, 2022, from https://archive.ph/ReDMR
7)
Jennifer Nuzzo. Council on Foreign Relations. Retrieved April 12, 2022, from https://archive.ph/jBdrA
8)
Biography of Jennifer Nuzzo with the Center for Health Security. (2022, March 26). Wayback Machine; John Hopkins Center for Health Security. https://web.archive.org/web/20220326032929/https://www.centerforhealthsecurity.org/our-people/nuzzo/
9)
Biography of Monica Schoch-Spana with the Center for Health Security. Johns Hopkins Center for Health Security. Retrieved April 12, 2022, from https://archive.ph/CyqLI
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