American Medical Association

The American Medical Association (AMA) is the main professional trade group representing American doctors. The AMA publishes a medical journal, the Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA).

History

In the early half of the 20th century, petrochemical giants organized a coup on the medical research facilities, hospitals and universities. The Rockefeller family sponsored research and donated sums to universities and medical schools which had drug based research. They further extended this policy to foreign universities and medical schools where research was drug based through their “International Education Board”.

Establishments and research which were were not drug based were refused funding and soon dissolved in favor of the lucrative pharmaceutical industry. In 1939 a “Drug Trust” alliance was formed by the Rockefeller empire and the German chemical company I.G. Farben (Bayer).

Eliminating Competition

In his 1994 book, The Assault on Medical Freedom, author P. Joseph Lisa gained access to secret files in the AMA's Chicago Department of investigation under the guise of collecting information to expose “mental health quackery.” In the process, he uncovered hundreds of AMA photocopies of memos, minutes and other documents. In a subsequent ten year investigation, he found little evidence of “quackery” and much evidence of an organized propaganda campaign to discredit alternative medicine and foreign drugs.

By 1964, the AMA's Committee on Quackery extended membership to become the Coordinating Conference on Health information (CCHI). Members included the American Cancer Society (ACS), the American Pharmaceutical Association, the Arthritis Foundation, the Council of Better Business Bureaus, the National Health Council, the Food and Drug Administration, the Federal Trade Commission, the U.S. Postal Service, the Office of Consumer Affairs, the U.S. and State Attorney Generals' Office and the Internal Revenue Service. *CCHI officials allegedly asked the FDA to prosecute drugless “quackery” targets* beginning to intrude on their markets. 1)

The Assault On Medical Freedom

by P. Joseph Lisa 1994Research shows that during the first one hundred years of the AMA's existence it formed councils and committees which sat in judgement of its economic competitors. These committees would “investigate” the various alternative health-care systems and would then report on their findings and make determinations and recommendations that the public should stay away from such “quackery.” The CCHI and the AMA's Committee on Quackery continued to serve this function from 1963 to 1975. However, when the writing was on the wall, Doyl Taylor saw that his propaganda department was “going down for the count.” He apparently took steps to see that his work continued even if he weren't around to supervise the AMA's campaigns against the “quacks.”

In his description of what the CCHI should be, he took steps to maintain its secrecy by dictating that no minutes of their meetings should be taken. This made finding the new CCHI (or “shadow” CCHI) a lot more difficult. However, even those most careful to cover their tracks often leave clues for determined investigators to find. In the case of the CCHI, Taylor left one big clue. In the OBJECTIVES and GOALS of the CCHI, he stated:

Protection of the public by gathering and disseminating by all means possible any and all information involving health quackery to each member [of the conference], particularly those agencies involved in law enforcement.

By itself it isn't much of a clue. But when one dissects this stated GOAL of the CCHI and looks closely, one can clearly see several good leads to follow in unearthing this “shadow CCHI.” To find such an organization, one needs to find a group who:

First, is pretentious and arrogant enough to espouse the principle that the public needs to be “protected” in the health-care marketplace. From what are we being “protected”? Health “quackery” of course. Exactly what is health “quackery”? Apparently it's simply anything that the medical and pharmaceutical industry cannot control. Interestingly, it is also the [italics] economic competition [end italics] to drugs and medical treatment.

Second, claims to be “protecting” the public by “gathering and disseminating any and all information involving health quackery.” One would have to find a group that has a large storage of information on “health quackery.”

Third, is connected to the government and whose members are “gathering and disseminating” information on “health quackery,” particularly to “those involved in law enforcement.”

Fourth, has a [italics] vested interest [end italics] or is doing the work of or for a vested interest. It was proven that the AMA had a vested interest in the original CCHI.

Fifth, consists of most of the same members of the CCHI, or at least is connected to the members of the CCHI.

Sixth, serves the same or similar function as did the CCHI in terms of spreading the propaganda through Congresses on Quackery or some similar type of “conference”on “quackery.”

With these leads in mind, I began the search for the link between the old AMA campaign and the current one. I began to build the bridge between the two with information I had come across over the years, as well as information I obtained during my current investigation, which began in earnest in 1984.

“Additionally, this campaign has targeted vitamins, homeopathy, naturopathy, and many others. The removal of these options would represent many billions of dollars in new drug sales.

The increase in drug sales is good reason in itself to conduct a campaign directed at one's economic competitors. The earlier campaign and the current one have [italics] dollars and profits [end italics] as one common denominator. The other common denominator is that both campaigns are in blatant violation of antitrust laws, as well as RICO conspiracy laws. There can be little doubt that the current crusade is just an extension of the earlier campaign.

The current campaign has several elements in it that were not seen as frequently in the old AMA campaign. These include such illegal acts as breaking and entry, unauthorized phone taps, the theft of files from practitioners offices, intimidation and harassment of patients, violations of search-and-seizure statutes, physical violence and threats of violence, and break-ins into attorneys' offices involving the theft of case records. 2)

Sunshine Act 2012

Physician Financial Transparency Reports (Sunshine Act)

The Physician Payments Sunshine Act, which was part of the Affordable Care Act (ACA), requires manufacturers of drugs, medical devices, and biologicals that participate in U.S. federal health care programs to report certain payments and items of value given to physicians and teaching hospitals.

Manufacturers will submit the reports to the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) on an annual basis. In addition, manufacturers and group purchasing organizations (GPOs) must report certain ownership interests held by physicians and their close family members. The majority of the information contained in the reports will be available on a public, searchable website. Physicians have the right to review their reports and to challenge those reports that are false, inaccurate, or misleading.

There are many interactions between physicians and manufacturers of drugs, medical devices, and medical supplies that benefit patients and advance the art and science of medicine. The reports provide patients and the public with information on the financial interactions of physicians and industry. These interactions often drive innovation, discovery, and changes in medical practice that may promote better patient outcomes. The congressional sponsors of the ACA reporting provisions have stated that this process is not designed to stop, chill, or call into question beneficial interactions between physicians and industry, but to ensure that they are transparent.

Summary of Key Provisions of the Sunshine Act

Summary of Key Provisions of the Sunshine Act

Financial Transfers: All manufacturers of a drug, device, biological, or medical supplies participating in federal health care programs will have to report to CMS any direct payments or transfers of value to physicians and/or teaching hospitals of $10 or more. However, there are 12 exceptions where a direct payment or transfer of value is not subject to reporting. These include product samples and educational materials that directly benefit patients.

There are a limited number of transfers, not made directly to physicians, that are subject to reporting (called indirect transfers). Transfers or payments that the physician specifies should be given or paid to another person or entity would be reportable, so too would any transfer or payments that another person indicates are being made on behalf of the physician.

Ownership: All manufacturers and GPOs participating in federal health care programs will have to report to CMS certain ownership interests held by physicians and their close family members. However, there are certain ownership interests, such as stock in a publicly traded manufacturer, which are not reportable ownership interests.

Pubic Reports: The majority of the information contained in the transparency reports will be available on a public, searchable website. By statute, physicians are provided, at a minimum, 45 days to review the transparency reports and make corrections before they are made public. Manufacturers and GPOs face civil monetary penalties for failing to report transfers and/or ownerships interests.3)

Frequently Asked Questions

Frequently Asked Questions

What is being reported? Payments, transfers of items that have value, and ownership interests.

Payments and Transfers of Value: Manufacturers must report payments and “transfers of value” made directly to physicians and teaching hospitals. Manufacturers are required to describe how the recipient received the payment such as cash or cash equivalent, in-kind items or services, or stock, stock option(s), or any other ownership interest, dividend, profit, or other return on investment. In addition, manufacturers must specify the nature of the payment or transfer of value. There are 14 possible categories including, for example, consulting fees, grants, research, honoraria, and charitable contributions. In addition to direct payments, manufacturers must report certain payments and transfers of value that are made indirectly.

Ownership Interests: Manufactures as well as GPOs are required to report on ownership interests held by physicians and their immediate family members. The transparency report must include the dollar amount invested, the value, and terms of ownership or investment interest, and any payment provided to physician owner or investor. However, ownership or investment interests in publicly traded security and mutual funds are excluded.

Who has to report? Manufacturers must submit the reports to CMS on an annual basis. In addition, manufacturers and GPOs must report ownership interests held by physicians and their close family members.

What type of payments and transfers of items of value are reported? Manufacturers must report payments or “transfers of value” to physicians and teaching hospitals. Manufacturers are required to describe how the recipient received the payment (such as cash or cash equivalent, in-kind items or services, or stock, stock option(s), or any other ownership interest, dividend, profit, or other return on investment). In addition, manufacturers must provide a reason for the payment. There are 14 possible categories including, for example, consulting fees, grants, research, honoraria, and charitable contributions.

What type of ownership interests is reported? Manufacturers as well as GPOs are required to report on interests held by physicians and their immediate family members. The transparency report must include the dollar amount invested, the value, and terms of ownership or investment interest, and any payment provided to physician owner or investor. However, ownership or investment interests in publicly traded security and mutual funds are excluded.

Do the reports document unethical, fraudulent, or illegal interactions? Congress did not intend for the reports to reflect unethical, fraudulent, or illegal interactions. Instead, it was to create transparency. Just as there are rules that require public meetings for public officials, the transparency similarly shines a light on interactions to ensure that these interactions advance the best interest of patients and advance the art and science of medicine.

What is exempt from reporting? Certified and Accredited Continuing Medical Education? Probably will be exempt, but will be specified in the implementing regulation. It is not possible for manufacturers to make a direct payment or transfer of value to an individual physician for certified CME either as a speaker or as participant.

Samples? Yes, samples are exempt as long as these are provided to patients.

Educational materials benefiting patients? Yes, educational materials that benefit patients are exempt.

Medical Journal Re-Prints? Probably will be exempt, but this will be clarified in the implementing regulations.

Meals? No, meals are not exempt (unless under $10, but meals will count regardless if the total in a reporting year cumulatively is valued at $100 or more).

Educational Speaker Bureaus? No, any payment or transfers of value are subject to reporting.

When does reporting begin? The final implementing regulations will specify. It is not known, yet.

What form of payment or transfer is reportable?

  • cash or a cash equivalent;
  • in-kind items or services; and,
  • stock, a stock option, or any other ownership interest, dividend, profit, or other return on investment.

Manufacturers are required to categorize the nature of payments or transfers of value in the following manner-

  • consulting fees;
  • compensation for services other than consulting;
  • honoraria;
  • gift;
  • entertainment;
  • food;
  • travel;
  • education;
  • research;
  • charitable contribution; or
  • royalty or license;
  • current or prospective ownership or investment interest;
  • direct compensation for serving as faculty or as a speaker for a medical education program; or,
  • grant.

When does the public disclosure of transparency reports begin? The final implementing regulations will specify. It is not known, yet.

How do I find out about what industry is reporting about me? CMS will have a website where you will be able to check a consolidated report at the end of the annual reporting period. However, you should check with any manufacturer from which you have received payment or any item of value to see what information they are tracking and intend to report.

What do I do if the information reported about me is wrong? Physicians will have at least 45 days after CMS provides to each physician a consolidated annual report to challenge the content of the reports. The final regulations will specify the process that physicians will need to follow.

What are the 12 direct payments or transfers of value that are exempt from reporting?

  • A transfer of anything of value which is less than $10, unless the aggregate amount transferred to, requested by, or designated on behalf of a physician by a manufacturer during the calendar year exceeds $100.
  • Product samples that are not intended to be sold and are intended for patient use.
  • Educational materials that directly benefit patients or are intended for patient use.
  • The loan of a covered device for a short-term trial period, not to exceed 90 days, to permit evaluation of the covered device by a physician.
  • Items or services provided under a contractual warranty, including the replacement of a covered device, where the terms of the warranty are set forth in the purchase or lease agreement for the covered device.
  • A transfer of anything of value to a physician when the physician is a patient and not acting in his or her professional capacity.
  • Discounts (including rebates).
  • In-kind items used for the provision of charity care.
  • A dividend or other profit distribution from, or ownership or investment interest in, a publicly traded security and mutual fund.
  • In the case of a manufacturer who offers a self-insured plan, payments for the provision of health care to employee physicians under the plan.
  • In the case of a physician who is also licensed as a non-medical professional, a transfer of anything of value to the physician if the transfer is payment solely for the non-medical professional services.
  • In the case of a physician, a transfer of anything of value to the physician if the transfer is payment solely for the services of the physician with respect to a civil or criminal action or an administrative proceeding.
Physician Portal Transparency Reporting

links to full AMA member groups and registration banner at page bottom)

Public Webpage Transparency Reporting

*CMS is required to provide most of the information contained in the transparency report in a public Webpage. When the link is available, it will be posted here.*

AMA Advocacy to Ensure Fair & Accurate Reporting

The AMA along with 49 medical specialty societies and 43 state medical associations, submitted a sign-on comment letter on the proposed rule. In addition, the AMA joined a sign-on letter submitted by national organizations involved in Continuing Medical Education (CME) in the United States, including Accreditation of CME Providers, granting of CME Credit for CME activities, and fulfillment of the responsibility of the Profession of Medicine to self-regulate in the arena of CME.

October 10, 2012 AMA comments to CMS as follow-up to Senate Special Committee on Aging RoundtablePDF FIle 4)

February 17, 2012 AMA sign-on comment letter to CMSPDF FIle5)

Dear Acting Administrator Tavenner- On behalf of the undersigned organizations, we appreciate the opportunity to provide comments in response to the proposed regulation published on December 19, 2011, Medicare, Medicaid, Children’s Health Insurance Programs; Transparency Reports and Reporting of Physician Ownership or Investment Interests (CMS-5060-P) (Proposed Rule). We are pleased that the majority of the Proposed Rule comports with the Affordable Care Act (ACA) statutory provisions and congressional intent; however, we are concerned that Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Service (CMS) has exceeded its statutory authority with regard to at least one significant provision and misconstrued Congress’ overall intent and statutory requirements in other areas. While we support the underlying goal of enhancing transparency, we believe the proposed rule, if implemented without significant modifications, will result in the publication of misleading information and impose costly and burdensome paperwork requirements on physicians while shedding very little light on actual physician- industry interactions. Background *The ACA mandates that beginning in 2012, manufacturers of specified drugs, medical devices, and biologicals participating in U.S. federal health care programs must begin tracking any transfers of value or payments of $10 or more (as indexed by Consumer Price Index) to physicians and teaching hospitals.1 These reports must be submitted to the Secretary of Health and Human Services on an annual basis. The majority of the information contained in the reports will be available on a public, searchable website in 2013.*

February 16, 2012 CME Provider sign-on comment letter to CMSPDF FIle

Professional Self‐regulatory Firewalls in Accredited and Certified CME:

*All organizations involved in Accredited and Certified CME in the US have adopted and operate under the strict firewalls which are promulgated, monitored and enforced through the “Standards for Commercial Support (SCS)- Standards to Ensure the independence of CME Activities” of the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME), to which the entire profession of medicine adheres.*

The SCS (most recently revised in 2004) set standards for relationships between Accredited and Certified CME Providers and the companies which may provide grants to CME Providers. Faculty of certified Continuing Medical Education (CME) programs are selected, directed, reviewed, evaluated and paid by the Accredited CME providers, and have no relationship with the manufacturers. Indeed, not only is this a requirement of SCS, but also of the “Code on Interactions with Health Professionals” of the Pharmaceutical Research and Manufacturers of America PhRMA Code. 6)

April 8, 2011, AMA Comments to CMSPDF FIle

Re; Comments concerning Open Door Forum on Transparency Reports and Reporting of Physician Ownership or Investment Interests

Dear Administrator Berwick; On behalf of the physician and medical student members of the American Medical Association (AMA), we appreciate the opportunity to submit comments as part of the Open Door Forum on Transparency Reports and Reporting of Physician Ownership or Investment Interests.

*We look forward to working with the U.S. Department of Health & Human Services (HHS) to ensure that the transparency provisions of the Affordable Care Act (ACA) are implemented and consistent with congressional intent to ensure that accurate and useful information is available to the public and safeguards are in place to prevent the publication of false, inaccurate, or misleading information.* 7)

Imported (Needs Reorganization)

The American Medical Association

The AMA is a professional association and lobbying group of physicians and medical students. Their publication is Journal of the American Medical Association JAMA first edition 1883.

An 1845 resolution to the New York Medical Association by Dr. Nathan S. Davis, calling for a national medical convention, led to the establishment of the American Medical Association AMA in 1847. Scientific advancement, standards for medical education, launching a program of medical ethics, improved public health — these were the goals of the AMA.

Since its founding in 1847 the AMA has played a crucial role in the development of medicine in the United States. Here’s a look at some key historical dates:

*1873* AMA Judicial Council founded to deal with medical ethical and constitutional controversies.

*1883* Journal of the American Medical Association is first published; Nathan Davis is first editor.

*1906* AMA publishes first American Medical Directory listing over 128,000 licensed physicians in the U.S. and Canada.

*1910* The Flexner Report, Medical Education in the United States and Canada, funded by the Carnegie Foundation and supported by the AMA, is published and facilitates new standards for medical schools

*1927* AMA Council on Medical Education and Hospitals publishes –»first list of hospitals approved for residency training«–

*1943* AMA opens an office in Washington, D.C

*1950* AMA Education and Research Foundation established to help medical schools meet expenses and to help medical students.

*1966* AMA publishes first edition of the Current Procedural Terminology (CPT), a system of standardized terms for medical procedures used to facilitate documentation.

*1967* The United States Adopted Names (USAN) Council is established to determine nonproprietary designations for chemical compounds.

*1990* AMA Fellowship Residency Electronic Interactive Data Access System (FREIDA) describing residency programs in the United States is available in electronic form.

*2008* Ronald M. Davis, MD, then the AMA's immediate past president, apologizes for more than a century of AMA policies that excluded African-Americans from the AMA and that also barred them from some state and local medical societies. 8)

AMA Role in Pharmaceutical Industry

*1849* AMA establishes a board to analyze quack remedies and nostrums and to enlighten the public in regard to the nature and danger of such remedies. The Department of Investigation (1913-1975) gathered and disseminated health fraud and quackery information for the public for over 60 years

*1905* AMA establishes a council to set standards for drug manufacturing and advertising

*1923* AMA promotes periodic examination of healthy persons

*1961* AMA recommends a nationwide vaccination using the Sabin oral vaccine against polio.

*1972* AMA launches war on smoking, urging the government to reduce and control the use of tobacco products and supporting legislation prohibiting the disbursement of tobacco samples.

*1973* AMA urges physicians to cooperate in a national program to combat hypertension.

*1986* AMA passes resolution opposing acts of discrimination against AIDS patients and any legislation that would lead to such categorical discrimination or that would affect patient-physician confidentiality.

*1996* AMA launches a crusade against health plan “gag clauses,” resulting in these restrictive provisions being dropped by 5 leading managed care providers and laws prohibiting gag clauses in 16 states.

*1997* AMA launches the National Patient Safety Foundation to help ensure that all patients in all health care settings receive health care services safely.

*2005* AMA spearheads effort with 129 other health care and patient groups, which results in the passage and signing of the Patient Safety and Quality Improvement Act. 9)

AMA Propaganda & Smear Operations

AMA Front Group Attacks VAERS Researcher

Current example of AMA propaganda and smear tactics are illustrated on the website of AMA shill Dr. Stephen Barrett host of Quackwatch constellation of front groups including his Skeptical RaptorBlog hosting vaccine mandate advocate Dorit Rubenstein Reiss for attack on Dr. Jessica Rose analysis of Adverse Events reports. 10)

Reviews of P.J. Lisa's "The Assault on Medical Freedom"

Acting as an undercover agent, author P.J. Lisa gained access to the secret files of the AMA's Chicago Department of investigation under the guise of collecting information to expose “mental health quackery.”

The first three days gave Lisa access to hundreds of photocopies of memos, minutes, and other documents that launched a 10-year search for answers that proved little about the existence of quackery in alternative medicine, but much about an organized propaganda machine that intended to discredit and destroy all alternatives to drugless medicine and all foreign drugs. Lisa found fresh, hard documentation to prove that a “totalitarian medical-pharmaceutical police state” had been organized since 1847, the birth of the AMA, and a conspiracy slowly developed, funded by the pharmaceutical industry and the AMA, to ust the insurance industry, the US Department of Justice, the Federal Trade Commission, the IRS, the US Postal Service, and and many other state and federal agencies as pawns in the game of establishing a single medical monopoly.

The AMA was pictured as a greed-motivated trade union from its very beginning that had ethical conduct and quality of medical education as its official purpose, but in reality was more interested in systematically eliminating all competitors to is monetary and political interests.

Although MD-oriented trauma care is acknowledged to be the best in the world, allopathic MD-oriented drug medicine was reported by the Congressional Office of Technology Assessment to he only 15 - 20% effective as a medical approach. Despite this, the AMA's board of directors stated mission was to publish articles that attacked effective alternative treatment as “quackery”.

This propaganda machine slowly expanded over the years. By 1964, the AMA's Committee on Quackery extended its membership to become the Coordinating Conference on Health information. CCHI membership included AMA officers, The American Cancer Society, The American Pharmaceutical Association, The Arthritis Foundation, The Council of Better Business Bureaus, The National Health Council, which invited the FDA, The Federal Trade Commission, US Postal Service, The Office of Consumer Affairs, US and State Attorney Generals' Offices, and the IRS to attend national meetings. CCHI officials allegedly asked the FDA to prosecute drugless “quackery” targets that had regional or national notoriety beginning to intrude on market share of the legal drug lords and the doctors prescribing drugs. The Federal Trade Commission was asked to get injunctions against competitive advertisements, the US Postal Service to put mail watches on clinics, manufacturers, and individual doctors who used alternative therapies in order to discredit and destroy competition from chiropractic, acupuncture, homeopathy, naturopathy, vitamin therapy, Japanese cancer vaccines, alternative books on cancer treatments, all alternative cancer treatments and all alternative drugless arthritic treatments.

Lisa's book, like Breggin's Toxic Psychiatry, Beasley's Betrayal of Health, Mendelsohn's Confessions of a Medical Heretic, Carter's Racketeering in Medicine, and a growing number of other similar books, is unique in the detail of its hard documentation from minutes of CCHI's meetings and evidence which shows federal agencies complying with CCHI's targets and goals. Court injunctions have been successfully levied against everything from books to importing acupuncture needles as a result.

Lisa's evidence suggested that by 1984, this medical conspiracy had targeted vitamins, minerals, enzymes, raw milk, and laetrile, as well as a plan to exclude chiropractic and other alternative health care from insurance coverage.

Any product, store, doctor, or manufacturer of any competitor to drug health care was the subject of media discrediting, licensing board harassment, seizure or raid. The FDA and Pharmaceutical Advertising Council had entered into an agreement to form a joint anti-quackery campaign. Key congressional leaders were invited to meetings and asked to join in the effort. Initially, Blue Cross/Blue Shield, Medicare, Aetna, the Health Association of America were fed a black list of doctors and treatments that were “questionable” and asked to exclude them from coverage. By 1986-88, a computer data base created by this conspiracy helped to deny insurance claims by hundreds of insurers. One myth we have all heard was created by this kind of unholy alliance: “vitamins only produce expensive urine.” At the same time officials of the FDA cooperated by attacking food supplements that were proving to be competitors to drug treatment. Merck, Sharpe, Dohme, Roche, Lederle, and Burroughs-Wellcome diversified into giant producers of vitamins with massive TV campaigns to promote their sales. These companies were never raided by FDA inspectors; only the drugless manufactures were. Vitamin E alone has now become a $338 million a year market.

Few of the FDA raid-seizure operations were ever motivated by interests protecting the safety of the consumer. Instead, the FDA's own health Fraud Consumer Report of 1988 targeted cancer, arthritis, and other food supplement treatments that were known to be “very effective to somewhat effective.” Lisa's point: safety or effectiveness was not the real issue - identification of serious competition to drugs was the issue. 11)

Lisa Excerpt

”(The AMA is) just another mean trust,“ Harry S. Truman, 33rd President of the United States.

“In the 1960's, the AMA started a secret group called the Department of Investigations. Their sole purpose was to identify and destroy any form of alternative or challenging medical health care. As a result, upwards of seventy people worked to deny chiropractic, podiatry, and many other areas of medical practice any access to the American health care delivery system, which would have helped these people.

“I wrote an article in 1972 based upon files that were taken out of the AMA headquarters that led five chiropractors to sue the AMA, and the AMA ended up being found guilty of conspiracy to violate the Sherman Anti-Trust Act and Restraint of Trade, along with ten other major medical organizations in the country. One organization settled before it went to trial. A million documents were uncovered. In that, you see that organized medicine had no interest in having the average American be responsible for their health. Didn't want prevention. And EVERYTHING that was anything other than their view was destroyed,” Dr Gary Null, author of Fascism in Medicine

“This medical strangle hold did not just happen with the passing of time; it was a planned conspiracy against the American people, with an “eye” to the financial gains of the doctors. A sample of this strategy may be seen in the following speech of Dr. W. A. Evans, one of the top medical “bosses,” and Health Commissioner for the city of Chicago, who gave these instructions to the doctors in their annual convention of the American Medical Association in 1911: “The thing for the medical profession to do, is to get right into, and man every important health movement; man health departments, tuberculosis societies, housing societies, child care and infant societies, etc. The future of the profession depends on it. . . The profession cannot afford to have these places occupied by other than medical men.” This pronouncement was published in the journal of the A. M. A., September 16, 1911. Just how whole-heartedly this decree was carried out is clearly shown by how completely all the non-medical schools of healing such as chiropractic, naturopathic, religious science, hygienics, etc., have been excluded from such tax supported institutions as health boards, public hospitals, army camps, state prisons, workman’s compensation bureaus, asylums, etc,” Eleanor McBean

“Consider the AMA. Almost half of its income every year is derived not from membership dues, but from the average doctor who knows nothing about what the AMA is doing and is unable to have any voice in it. Half of the income comes from cartel drug firms, in the form of advertising in the “Journal of the American Medical Association”. Ten million dollars a year is funneled into the AMA from drug firms. Plus, ten million dollars of AMA money is invested in stock ownership in these big drug companies. That is what you might call a conflict of interest.

The Assault on Medical Freedom

“Research shows that during the first one hundred years of the AMA's existence it formed councils and committees which sat in judgement of its economic competitors. These committees would “investigate” the various alternative health-care systems and would then report on their findings and make determinations and recommendations that the public should stay away from such “quackery.” The CCHI Coordinating Conference on Health Information and the AMA's Committee on Quackery continued to serve this function from 1963 to 1975. However, when the writing was on the wall, Doyl Taylor saw that his propaganda department was “going down for the count.” He apparently took steps to see that his work continued even if he weren't around to supervise the AMA's campaigns against the “quacks.”

In his description of what the CCHI should be, he took steps to maintain its secrecy by dictating that no minutes of their meetings should be taken. This made finding the new CCHI (or “shadow” CCHI) a lot more difficult. However, even those most careful to cover their tracks often leave clues for determined investigators to find. In the case of the CCHI, Taylor left one big clue. In the OBJECTIVES and GOALS of the CCHI, he stated;

Protection of the public by gathering and disseminating by all means possible any and all information involving health quackery to each member [of the conference], particularly those agencies involved in law enforcement. 12)

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