New World Order

New World Order (NWO) is a term used to describe a proposed societal framework in which the population of the world unites under a single world government. The term, and variations of it, has appeared in discussions, speeches and literature consistently since at least 1940, with its underlying policies and principles stemming out of totalitarianism and feudalism.

While an official definition of the term is left ambiguous (possibly intentionally), its earnest use appears to euphemistically reference the progression towards a centralized world government.1)

While many cases of its use in earnest are from politicians, academics and other professionals, the term is simultaneously dismissed as a rallying cause around which “conspiracy theorists” unite.2) 3)



The Open Conspiracy

Following World War I, British author H.G. Wells published a book titled Blue Prints for a World Revolution.4)

The book is, in Wells's words, a “scheme to thrust forward and establish a human control over the destinies of life and liberate it from its present dangers, uncertainties and miseries.” It proposes that largely as the result of scientific progress, a common vision of a world “politically, socially and economically unified” is emerging among educated and influential people, and that this can be the basis of “a world revolution aiming at universal peace, welfare and happy activity” that can result in the establishment of a “world commonwealth”. This is to be achieved by “drawing together a proportion of all or nearly all the functional classes in contemporary communities in order to weave the beginnings of a world community out of their selection.” This will ultimately “be a world religion.” What is contemplated is not a stable order, but rather a dynamic, changing state of affairs in which scientific research and creative activity become the chief preoccupations of a humanity that has solved the problems of subsistence, population control, and the suppression of war.

Selling many copies and achieving praise from Wells' colleagues such as Bertrand Russell, Julian Huxley and Cyril Edwin Mitchinson Joad, the book inspired the formation of Open Conspiracy organizations in a number of countries and a common newsletter was published. Wells discussed the ideas at luncheons with some leading British politicians, including Lloyd George, Harold Macmillan, and Harold Nicolson. The H. G. Wells Society was set up by Gerald Heard in 1934 to promote Wells' ideas, and at one point changed its name to “The Open Conspiracy”.

In 1932, Wells and Joad founded the Federation of Progressive Societies and Individuals (FPSI), which would go on to become the Progressive League in 1940.5)


World War II

On January 13, 1940, H.G. Wells published a short book titled The New World Order.6) The entire book is available online.

Wells describes humanity at “the end of an age”, and laments that world peace was not achieved after The Great War. “It was felt that the German Kaiser had broken the tranquillity of the world club, wantonly and needlessly.” He describes the “war to get rid of Adolf Hitler” much the same, saying Hitler too “has outraged the Club Rules and he too is to be expelled.” However, Wells describes Hitler and his Nazi regime as merely a symptom of society's true disease that “will manifest itself in some new eruption.”

Goals and principles

The goals of the New World Order conspiracy may be outlined by The Great Reset and other similar declarations. Other factions or subsects of the conspiracy are the Deep State, technocracy, and the Singularity.


Documents and events indicating a plan of depopulation:

  • The Kissinger Report published in 1974 declares that, “it is urgent that measures to reduce fertility be started and made effective,” to more quickly reduce birth rates.7)
  • In 2015, former Malaysian Prime Minister Mahathir Mohamad stated publicly that the US-centric NWO intended to establish one world government by elites to govern the world, and that this included a goal of global population reduction to one billion people.8)


As a "Conspiracy Theory"

The Anti-Defamation League describes “the New World Order” as “a term used to refer to a right-wing conspiracy theory that became popular among anti-government extremists from the 1990s onwards.”9)

In an elaboration of the proposed theory, the ADL continues: “'New World Order' conspiracists believe that a tyrannical, socialist 'one-world' conspiracy has already taken over most of the planet and schemes to eliminate the last bastion of freedom, the United States, with the help of collaborators within the government. Through repressive measures, as well as manufactured crises such as terrorist attacks and pandemics, the globalist conspirators seek to eliminate dissent and to disarm Americans so that the 'New World Order' can move in and enslave them. 'New World Order' conspiracists also commonly believe that hundreds of concentration camps have been built in the U.S., ready to house dissenters; that the government will declare martial law, possibly on a pretext such as responding to a terrorist attack; and that the government will engage in mass gun confiscations.”

The NWO concept has also been described as “Evangelical Christian conspiracism” associated with American militia groups, and used as a tempting topic for Christians to consume - perhaps as a source of easy money from authors and others disseminating media on the topic.10)


Institutional media and superficial analyses of the topic often conflate the New World Order topic with other so-called “conspiracy theories,” particularly Qanon, “coronavirus denial,” and reptilian humanoids masquerading as world leaders.11) The result is an easy dismissal of the topic without addressing any potentially legitimate concerns raised by aspects of the topic relating to real government actions.


As the NWO primarily represents a set of ideologies rather than a specific organization, it is challenging to identify and list participants. However, actions and statements taken in context and with a broad view of world dynamics can provide insight enough to reasonably associate individuals to the larger conspiracy. The following is a working list, and should not be taken as conclusive without further discussion and supporting evidence.

New world order. WikiSpooks. Retrieved January 19, 2022, from
2) , 9)
New World Order. Anti-Defamation League. Retrieved January 19, 2022, from
3) , 11)
Romano, A. (2020, November 18). Conspiracy theories, explained. Vox.
Wells, H. G. (1928). The Open Conspiracy: Blue Prints for a World Revolution. Gollancz.
Hilditch, S. The Progressive League. Humanist Heritage. Retrieved August 8, 2022, from
INGE, W. The New World Order. Nature 145, 45–46 (1940).
Durham, M. (2000). Selling Fear: Conspiracy Theories and End-Times Paranoia:Selling Fear: Conspiracy Theories and End-Times Paranoia. Nova Religio, 3(2), 395–396.