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world_health_organization [2022/04/30 19:17]
pamela [WHO Global Biomedical Coup]
world_health_organization [2022/08/18 03:58]
liam
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 ====== World Health Organization ====== ====== World Health Organization ======
  
-{{ :world-health-organization-vector-logo.png?200|}}+{{ ::whologo.png?200|}} 
 + 
 +The **World Health Organization (WHO)** is a supra-national organization based in [[switzerland:Geneva]], [[Switzerland]]. It is a specialized agency of the [[United Nations]] focused on international [[public health]].
  
 ===== History ===== ===== History =====
  
-Canada joined the WHO on August 29, 1946.((//ARCHIVED - World Health Organization.// (2005, April 8). Government of Canada. https://archive.is/nwz4S))+==== Formation and early days ==== 
 + 
 +[[Canada]] joined the WHO on August 29, 1946.((//ARCHIVED - World Health Organization.// (2005, April 8). Government of Canada. https://archive.is/nwz4S)) 
 + 
 +==== Public Health Emergencies of International Concern ==== 
 + 
 +On May 5, 2014, Director-General [[Margaret Chan]] declared the international spread of [[polio]] a [[Public Health Emergency of International Concern]] (PHEIC). The PHEIC declaration has remained in effect as of the most recent emergency committee meeting in June 2022.((//Public Health Emergency status.// Global Polio Eradication Initiative. Retrieved July 29, 2022, from https://web.archive.org/web/20220729220527/https://polioeradication.org/polio-today/polio-now/public-health-emergency-status/)) ((Poliovirus IHR Emergency Committee. (2022, June 24). //Statement of the Thirty-second Polio IHR Emergency Committee.// World Health Organization. https://web.archive.org/web/20220729220956/https://www.who.int/news/item/24-06-2022-statement-of-the-thirty-second-polio-ihr-emergency-committee)) 
 + 
 +===== Affiliations ===== 
 + 
 +==== Funding ==== 
 + 
 +The WHO is funded by national governments ("member states") and external donors including non-governmental organizations, corporations, individuals and philanthropic organizations.((//Our contributors.// World Health Organization. Retrieved July 21, 2022, from https://archive.ph/2NK2q)) Voluntary contributions are the primary source of funding for the WHO, along with an annual "assessed contribution" calculated based on the GDP of each member state. 
 + 
 +Additionally, the [[WHO Foundation]] was set up as a legally distinct entity to raise funds for the WHO. 
 + 
 +=== COVID-19 === 
 + 
 +  * [[ACT-Accelerator]] 
 +    * [[COVAX]] 
 +  * [[COVID-19 Solidarity Response Fund]] 
 +  * [[Solidarity Trial]] 
 +  * [[UN COVID-19 Supply Chain Task Force]] 
 + 
 +=== 2020-2021 === 
 + 
 +The [[COVID-19 pandemic]] was ongoing for the entirety of this fiscal year. 
 + 
 +^  2020-2021 Fiscal Year((//Our contributors.// World Health Organization. Retrieved July 21, 2022, from https://archive.ph/2NK2q))  ^^ 
 +^ Name  ^ Amount (USD)  ^ 
 +| [[Germany]]  | $1,268,000,000 
 +| [[Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation]]  | $751,000,000 
 +| [[United States of America]]  | $693,000,000 
 +| [[United Kingdom]]  | $487,000,000 
 +| [[European Commission]]  | $466,000,000 
 +| [[Gavi|Gavi, the Vaccine Alliance]]  | $432,000,000 
 +| [[Japan]]  | $218,000,000 
 +| [[Canada]]  | $212,000,000 
 +| [[Rotary International]]  | $174,000,000 
 +| [[COVID-19 Solidarity Response Fund]]  | $171,000,000 
 +| [[China]]  | $168,000,000 
 +| [[Norway]]  | $165,000,000 
 +| [[Saudi Arabia]]  | $158,000,000 
 +| [[United Nations Central Emergency Response Fund]] (CERF)  | $152,000,000 
 +| [[France]]  | $141,000,000 
 +| [[World Bank]]  | $132,000,000 
 +| [[United Nations Development Programme]] (UNDP)  | $103,000,000 
 +| [[Australia]]  | $98,000,000 
 +| [[Sweden]]  | $96,000,000 
 +| [[Netherlands]]  | $93,000,000 
 + 
 +===== Needs to be organized ===== 
 + 
 +Everything below this line needs to be reorganized. FIXME
  
 +==== Link Dump ====
  
 +  * 2017 funding: https://canucklaw.ca/wp-content/uploads/2020/04/WHO.Contributions2017Listings.pdf
 +  * 2018 funding: https://canucklaw.ca/wp-content/uploads/2020/04/WHO.Contributions.Statement.2018.pdf
 ==== NGO Influence ==== ==== NGO Influence ====
 Paula Jardine described how the World Health Organisation’s original aim to tackle the multiple causes of health inequality and disease – poor sanitation, lack of clean water, poor food supply, malnutrition – was replaced by one overriding goal, that of universal vaccination. Today she tells how two ‘philanthropic’ foundations joined forces to promote this approach through a global programme that would ‘reverse the fortunes of the stagnant vaccine manufacturers’ and how countries came to be persuaded to indiscriminately target 90 per cent coverage rates for all vaccines on their national immunisation schedules. Paula Jardine described how the World Health Organisation’s original aim to tackle the multiple causes of health inequality and disease – poor sanitation, lack of clean water, poor food supply, malnutrition – was replaced by one overriding goal, that of universal vaccination. Today she tells how two ‘philanthropic’ foundations joined forces to promote this approach through a global programme that would ‘reverse the fortunes of the stagnant vaccine manufacturers’ and how countries came to be persuaded to indiscriminately target 90 per cent coverage rates for all vaccines on their national immunisation schedules.
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 February 23, 2022 ((https://web.archive.org/web/20220418212026/https://www.telekom.com/en/media/media-information/archive/covid-19-who-commissions-t-systems-648634)) February 23, 2022 ((https://web.archive.org/web/20220418212026/https://www.telekom.com/en/media/media-information/archive/covid-19-who-commissions-t-systems-648634))
 +{{ ::who_t_mobile_partner_logo.png?400|}}
 Checking Covid 19 certificates: World Health Organization selects T-Systems as industry partner Checking Covid 19 certificates: World Health Organization selects T-Systems as industry partner
       * WHO facilitates 194 member states to introduce digital vaccination certificates       * WHO facilitates 194 member states to introduce digital vaccination certificates
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