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sars-cov-2:origins:earlier_origins_hypothesis

Earlier Origins Hypothesis

This earlier origins hypothesis article is a branch from the SARS-CoV-2 Origins page.

Infectious Disease Research

Fort Detrick in Maryland has long housed infectious agents being researched by military scientists.

  • August 5, 2019 - Deadly Germ Research Is Shut Down at Army Lab Over Safety Concerns1)

Vaccine Research

Although mRNA vaccines had never been successful, both Pfizer and Moderna designed mRNA vaccines independently within days of receiving SARS-CoV-2 genomic sequences in January, 2020.2) 3)

Illnesses Unexplained

In 2019, an illness first termed VAPI (changed to EVALI) was noted in the U.S., and was blamed on vaping and e-cigarettes. The illness shares symptomatic features with COVID-19, and resulting hospitalizations formed an ordinary viral infection curve.4)

  • July 17, 2019 - Unexplained respiratory illness at Virginia retirement community.5)
  • July 31, 2021 - Exclusive: Some 2019 EVALI patients in the US may have been infected with COVID-19: sources6)
  • Oct 9, 2019 - Army Confirms Two Soldiers Being Treated for Severe Lung Injuries from Vaping7)
  • Feb 11, 2022 - Commentary on the EVALI-as-COVID hypothesis on substack.8)

Wastewater Reports

Sewage samples from Barcelona, Spain from May, 2019.9)

Antibody Studies

Multiple studies have found SARS-CoV-2 antibodies in pre-pandemic serums in multiple nations.

In a study published in February, 2021, scientists found IgG neutralizing antibodies in serums collected in France from November, 2019, signaling a latest possible outbreak date in France.10)

In a preprint posted on November 13, 2021, scientists note SARS-CoV-2 antibodies in samples as far back as September 3, 2019. There were no samples tested prior to September, 2019, so it is unclear how far back the presence of antibodies might go. These patients were scattered in cities around Italy.11)

Activities Associated with Knowledge of Outbreak

The Times of Israel reported in April, 2020 that U.S. intelligence was already contacting other nations and organizations about the outbreak in Wuhan in Novermber, 2019.12)

4)
March, 2020 | Rossana Segreto | preprint | Is SARS-CoV-2 the causative agent of EVALI cases prior to the Covid-19 pandemic? | https://www.researchgate.net/publication/359231017_Is_SARS-CoV-2_the_causative_agent_of_EVALI_cases_prior_to_the_Covid-19_pandemic
9)
June 13, 2020 | Gemma Chavarria-Miro et al | preprint | Sentinel surveillance of SARS-CoV-2 in wastewater anticipates the occurrence of COVID-19 cases | doi: https://doi.org/10.1101/2020.06.13.20129627
10)
February 6, 2021 | Carrat et al | European Journal of Epidemiology | Evidence of early circulation of SARS-CoV-2 in France: findings from the population-based “CONSTANCES” cohort | DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/s10654-020-00716-2
11)
September 13, 2021 | Apolone et al | preprint | Unexpected detection of SARS-CoV-2 antibodies in the prepandemic period in Italy | https://doi.org/10.25384/SAGE.c.5206852.v1
sars-cov-2/origins/earlier_origins_hypothesis.txt · Last modified: 2022/04/05 08:49 by mathew